Franju, Georges

(1912-1987)
   Director and screenwriter. Georges Franju was born in Fougères. He began his career in cinema working as a set director, and then in 1934 codirected the short film Le Métro with Henri Langlois. In 1936, Franju cofounded, with Langlois, the Cinémathèque Française, the most important film archive in France, and, for two years, Franju worked as an archivist at the cinémathèque. In 1938, Franju expanded his role in the archiving of film and became executive secretary of the International Federation of Film Archives and later the general secretary of the Institut de cinématographie scientifique. In 1949, Franju returned to active filmmaking with the documentary Le Sang des bêtes, an exploration of Parisian abattoirs or slaughterhouses. He went on to make several more shorts immediately following, including Hôtel des Invalides (1952), the short biopic Le Grand Méliès (1952) about the filmmaker Georges Méliès, Sur le pont d'Avignon (1956), and Monsieur et Madame Curie (1956). In 1959, Franju made his first feature-length film, La Tête contre les murs. This film was followed by Les Yeux sans visage (1959), a horror film about a mad doctor who attempts to reconstruct his daughter's disfigured face with the faces of murdered women. Franju went on to make only a handful of other films, including Pleins feux sur l'assassin (1961), Thérèse Desqueyroux (1962), Judex (1963), a remake of the classic Louis Feuillade silent film series, and Thomas l'imposteur (1964), based on the novel by Jean Cocteau.
   Franju's influence on French cinema was enormous, despite the small body of work he produced. His involvement in the creation of the Cinémathèque already ensured him a role in French film history. However, his films themselves, although forgotten for some time, also merit him a place. The influences on his filmmaking are evident in the subjects of the films he undertook. His homages to Méliès and Feuillade reveal that he was interested in those early pioneers who attempted to capture the sublime on film, both the horror and the beauty of human existence. His interest in Cocteau reveals a belief in film as a transcendent art form, as a form of visual poetry. In fact, a study of Franju's own filmmaking style bears these influences out. He is a late link to these early figures, who sought to push film to the limits of art.
   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema by Dayna Oscherwitz & Mary Ellen Higgins

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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  • Franju, Georges — (1912 1987)    Director and screenwriter. Georges Franju was born in Fougères. He began his career in cinema working as a set director, and then in 1934 codirected the short film Le Métro with Henri Langlois. In 1936, Franju cofounded, with… …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Franju, Georges — • ФРАНЖЮ (Franju) Жорж (р. 12.4.1912)    франц. режиссёр. Первый к/м ф. Метро снял в 1934 (с А. Ланглуа). Пост. к/м ф.: Кровь животных (1949), антивоенный Дом инвалидов (1952), о металлургич. пром сти Через Лотарингию (1951), о выдающихся людях… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Franju, Georges — ▪ French director born April 12, 1912, Fougères, France died Nov. 5, 1987, Paris       French motion picture director noted for his short documentary films.       In 1932 Franju found work on the sets of Paris music halls while he studied theatre …   Universalium

  • Franju, Georges — (April 12, 1912, Fougères, Ille et Vilaine, France November 5, 1987, Paris, France)    After briefly working for an insurance company, he was a set decorator for stage and such music halls as Le Casino de Paris and Les Folies Bergère. In 1934, he …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Franju, Georges — ► (1912 87) Realizador cinematográfico francés. Creador de atmósferas fantásticas e insólitas llenas de humor negro. Películas: La sangre de las bestias y La cabeza contra las paredes, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franju — Franju, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Franju — (April 12, 1912 – November 5, 1987) was a French filmmaker.He was born in Fougères, France.Franju was one of the co founders of the Cinémathèque Française. His first film was a 1949 documentary short, Le Sang des bêtes . Le Sang des bêtes (Blood… …   Wikipedia

  • FRANJU (G.) — FRANJU GEORGES (1912 1987) La contribution de Georges Franju au renouveau du cinéma français dans les années cinquante, quoique discrète et toujours située en marge des vagues, anciennes ou nouvelles, et des écoles, voire à contre courant de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Franju — Georges Franju (* 12. April 1912 in Fougères, Ille et Villaine, Bretagne; † 5. November 1987 in Paris) war ein französischer Filmregisseur. Er wurde zunächst als Regisseur von Kurzfilmen bekannt. In Métro (1934) oder Le sang des bêtes (1949),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Franju — Données clés Naissance 12 avril 1912 Fougères, France Nationalité Française Décès 5  …   Wikipédia en Français

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